Evaluation measures for hierarchical classification: a unified view and novel approaches

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Journal
1
5
2015
Kosmopoulos
A. Kosmopoulos, I. Partalas, E. Gaussier, G. Paliouras & I. Androutsopoulos
Hierarchical classification addresses the problem of classifying items into a hierarchy of classes. An important issue in hierarchical classification is the evaluation of different classification algorithms, an issue which is complicated by the hierarchical relations among the classes. Several evaluation measures have been proposed for hierarchical classification using the hierarchy in different ways without however providing a unified view of the problem. This paper studies the problem of evaluation in hierarchical classification by analysing and abstracting the key components of the existing performance measures. It also proposes two alternative generic views of hierarchical evaluation and introduces two corresponding novel measures. The proposed measures, along with the state-of-the-art ones, are empirically tested on three large datasets from the domain of text classification. The empirical results illustrate the undesirable behaviour of existing approaches and how the proposed methods overcome most of these problems across a range of cases.
Software and Knowledge Engineering Laboratory (SKEL)
Publication Name: 
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
Volume: 
29
Number: 
3
Page Start: 
820
Page End: 
865

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